Alexander the Great
In tribute of the greatest commander of all the        times...
Alexander's biography
356 BC 2nd August Birth of Alexander III at Pella,Macedon
343 BC Aristotle appointed as tutor of Alexander
342 BC Alexander gets Bucephalas 340 BC Alexander regent in Macedonia during campaign of Philip against Byzantium; Alexander defeats Thracian tribe.End of the tutorship of Aristotle
338 BC 2nd August Battle of Chaeronea: King Philip defeats Greeks, Alexander commands cavalry
337 BC Olympia and Alexander in exile.In autumn Alexander returns.
336 BC Spring Officers Parmenion and Attalus take advance force into Persia October Murder of King Philip; Alexander ascends throne of Macedonia Autumn Execution of Amyntas, son of Perdiccas III and heir to the throne; Execution of Cleopatra, widow of Philip, and her newborn son;        Third meeting of Corinthian League at Corinth: Alexander confirmed as hegemon of Greece; Meeting with philosopher Diogenes
335 BC Spring Spring - Campaign to the Danube; Battle of the Lyginus: Alexander defeats Triballians Alexander crosses river Danube: establishment of northern frontiers Summer Attack on Pelium: Alexander defeats Illyrians September Alexander ends revolt at Thebes
334 BC May/June Alexander crosses Hellespont into Persia Battle of the Granicus: Alexander defeats Persian defense force Summer- Alexander captures Milete Autumn Alexander captures Halicarnassus, Persian stronghold; Alexander grants winter leave to newly wedded soldiers Winter Alleged conspiracy: arrest of Alexander of Lyncestis; Legendary miraculous passing of Mount Climax; Campaign against Pisidians Alexander solves riddle of the 'Gordian Knot'Gordium
333 BC May Alexander leaves Gordium September Alexander falls ill at river Cydnus Alexander arrives at Tarsus, Cilicia November Battle of Issus: Alexander defeats Persian King Darius III; Alexander captures Persian Royal family Parmenion captures Damascus: capture of Barsine,; widow of Memnon and future mistress of Alexander and mother of his first child, Heracles
332 BC January-July Siege of Tyre Summer First peace offer of King Darius July 29(30) Fall of Tyre September- October Siege of Gaza November 14 Alexander crowned Pharaoh in Memphis, Egypt
331 BC Winter Oracle of Siwa allegedly confirms divinity of Alexander Foundation of Alexandria, Egypt Spring Return to Phoenicia Summer Second peace offer of King Darius September 20 Army witnesses total eclipse of the moon in northern Mesopotamia October 1 Battle of Gaugamela (Arbela) October 21 Alexander enters Babylon November 25 Alexander leaves Babylon December 15 Alexander enters Susa December Campaign against the Uxians
330 BC January Alexander forces his way through Persian Gates Winter/Spring Five months stay in Persepolis April Campaign against the Mardians May Alexander ( or Thais) burns Persepolis Summer Alexander dismisses allied troops Autumn Revolt of Satibarzanes, satrap of Aria;Satibarzanes killed by officer Erigiyus October Alleged conspiracy: execution of officers Philotas and his father Parmenion; Craterus becomes second in command; execution of Alexander of Lyncestis
329 BC Spring Alexander crosses Hindu Kush into Central Asia May Arrest of Bessus, usurper of Persian throne Summer Alleged massacre of the Branchidae; Founding of Alexandria-the-Furthest; Battle of the Iaxartes: Alexander defeats Scythians; Rebel leader Spitamenes annihilates Macedonian forces at Maracanda
328 BC Spring-Autumn Submission of Pharasmenes, ruler of the Chorasmians Army split in five divisions against rebellions in Central Asia Defeat of rebel leader Spitamenes; Alexander kills officer Cleitus the Black during brawl
327 BC Winter Attempt to introduce 'proskynesis'; alleged conspiracy: execution of court historian Callisthenes Spring Alexander captures 'Sogdian Rock', rebel stronghold; Surrender of rebel Chorienes;Defeat of rebels Catanes and Austanes Marriage to Roxane, daughter of Bactrian noble Oxyartes Summer Invasion of India
326 BC Winter-Spring Siege of Massaga: Massaga's Queen Cleophis allegedly concieves a son of Alexander (named Alexander)Alexander captures 'Rock of Aornus', Indian stronghold Battle of the Hydaspes: Alexander defeats King Porus; Death of Bucephalas Autumn Army refuses further advance at river Hyphasis; Alexander orders retreat Death of officer Coenus; Roxane's first child dies at birth at the river Acesines Start of voyage down the Indus Campaign against the Mallians: Alexander's lung pierced by an arrow
325 BC Summer Craterus marching with part of the army through Arachosia towards Carmania Alexander reaches Indian Ocean Alexander starts march through Gedrosian desert Autumn/Winter Fleet under command of Nearchos sets sail for Persian Gulf Alexander reaches Pura,capital of Gedrosia Reunion of Alexander and Craterus in Carmania Mercenary revolts in Bactria; Desertion of Harpalus
324 BC Winter/spring First reunion between Alexander and Nearchos near Salmus,Carmania 'Reign of Fear': Alexander punishes and executes Persian satraps who abused power in his absence Alexander orders mass wedding at Susa, Persia: marriage to Statira, daughter of Darius III, and to Parysatis, daughter of Artaxerxes III Second reunion April/May - Alexander founds last Alexandria(Charax) at the mouth of river Tigris July - Mutiny (or strike)of the army at Opis, Mesopotamia between Alexander and Nearchos near mouth of the Tigris August 4 [September 3] - Alexander issues Exiles' Decree End of August Craterus leaves with veterans October Death of Hephaestion
323 BC Winter Campaign against Cossaeans April Alexander returns in Babylon May Funeral of Hephaestion June 10 Alexander dies after ten days of illness
Hot Links
Great link of Alexander
Click on a temple to go home
If you have comments or suggestions, email me